Bloodborne Pathogens


Bloodborne Pathogens

Safety Training Handout

Bloodborne Pathogens
are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people.

 Types of bloodborne
pathogens include:
Hepatitis B (HBV)
 Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Transmission of Bloodborne Pathogens

Anytime there is blood-to-blood contact with infected blood or body fluids, there is a potential for transmission.  Unbroken skin forms a generally good barrier against bloodborne pathogens. However, infected blood can enter your system through open sores, cuts, abrasions, acne, burns, open blisters. 

Administrative controls

Universal precautions

PE selection

Employee training

Use of Blood Spill Kits

Restricted access to waste collection points

Waste disposal procedures.

Engineering Controls

Proper storage facilities and containers

Special syringes to prevent needle sticks

  • Autoclaves & disinfectant equipment

Smart Safety Rules

Wash exposed areas with antibacterial soap

Use the required personal protective equipment

Treat all human body fluids & items soiled with human body fluids as contaminated

No smoking, eating, drinking or storage of food

Maintained facilities in a near sanitary condition at all times

Disinfect all Health Treatment Area at least once per shift

Pre-soak all contaminated clothing

Disinfect all spills of body fluid

Report any suspected exposure to HIV/HAV/HBV to your supervisor

Place all medical wastes in a red leak-proof container marked either Biohazard or Medical Waste.

Use personal protective equipment when handling medical waste

Sharp objects should not be handled by hand to prevent accidental punctures and lacerations

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